Future Warfare

Based upon my knowledge of current military history and experience as a soldier in a previous life, in my opinion, active warfare in the future will focus on special operations and . The civilized world can not survive a major war because of the power of precision-guided munitions.

Cyber weapons: this century’s nukes?

More and more things are going online, most worryingly our “critical national infrastructure” – a technical term for what essentially means “if it breaks we’re all f–––––”: water systems, power grids, telecommunications, banking services. Connectivity makes them vulnerable to disruption too: from hackers, from serious criminals who are increasingly inching online, from hostile foreign governments, from terrorist groups.


Website attack kits heighten threat from cyber criminals


Pentagon to triple cyber staff to thwart attacks

The Pentagon plans to more than triple its cybersecurity staff in the next few years to defend against Internet attacks that threaten national security, Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel said Friday.


Associated Press


The Pentagon plans to more than triple its cybersecurity staff in the next few years to defend against Internet attacks that threaten national security, Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel said Friday.

Hagel’s comments at the National Security Agency headquarters in suburban Washington come as he prepares to vist China next week, where officials are likely to challenge him amid reports of aggressive U.S. cyber spying.

“The Department of Defense is on its way to building a modern cyberforce,” Hagel said in a speech at the retirement of Gen. Keith Alexander as head of the U.S. Cyber Command and NSA. “This force is enhancing our ability to deter aggression in cyberspace, deny adversaries their objectives, and defend the nation from cyberattacks that threaten our national security.”

The Pentagon has been recruiting outside talent for the work as well as encouraging people already in the military to train for the jobs. By 2016, the Pentagon should have 6,000 cyber professionals, Hagel said. That compares to some 1,800 by the end of this year.

“Our nation’s reliance on cyberspace outpaces our cybersecurity,” Hagel said. “Our nation confronts the proliferation of destructive malware and a new reality of steady, ongoing and aggressive efforts to probe, access or disrupt public and private networks, and the industrial control systems that manage our water, and our energy and our food supplies.”

He said government and private businesses have a far better grasp of cyber threats than they did a few years ago, thanks in part to Alexander’s work as the first commander of Cyber Command.

Vice Adm. Mike Rogers, head of the Navy’s Cyber Command, is awaiting Senate confirmation for a fourth star to allow him to succeed Alexander at Cyber Command. No confirmation is needed for his appointment as head of the NSA, but officials said Friday that Rogers will not step into either job until the Senate approves him as head of Cyber Command.

Noting President Barack Obama’s announcement Thursday on reforms to the government programs that have swept up data on Americans’ phone calls, Hagel said: “We will continue to engage in a more open dialogue with the American public.”

Obama asked Congress on Thursday to end quickly the government’s bulk collection of phone records under reforms he hopes will address privacy concerns while preserving the government’s ability to fight terrorism.

The U.S. accuses China’s army and China-based hackers of launching attacks on American industrial and military targets, often to steal secrets or intellectual property. China says it faces a major threat from hackers, and the country’s military is believed to be among the biggest targets of the NSA and U.S. Cyber Command.

Pending Rogers’ confirmation, the current deputies of Cyber Command and the NSA, Lt. Gen. John Davis and Richard Ledgett, respectively, will be in charge.


U.S. cyberwarfare force to grow significantly, defense secretary says

By Ellen Nakashima, Updated: Friday, March 28, 6:18 PM

The Pentagon is significantly growing the ranks of its cyberwarfare unit in an effort to deter and defend against foreign attacks on crucial U.S. networks, Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel said Friday.

In his first major speech on cyber policy, Hagel sought to project strength but also to tame perceptions of the United States as an aggressor in computer warfare, stressing that the government “does not seek to militarize cyberspace.”

His remarks, delivered at the retirement ceremony of Gen. Keith Alexander, the outgoing director of the National Security Agency and Cyber Command, come in advance of Hagel’s trip to China next week, his first as defense secretary. The issues of cyberwarfare and cyber-espionage have been persistent sources of tensions between Washington and Beijing.

Hagel said that the fighting force at U.S. Cyber Command will number more than 6,000 people by 2016, making it one of the largest such ­forces in the world. The force will help expand the president’s options for responding to a crisis with “full-spectrum cyber capabilities,” Hagel said, a reference to cyber operations that can include destroying, damaging or sabotaging an adversary’s computer systems and that can complement other military operations.

But, Hagel said, the military’s first purpose is “to prevent and de-escalate conflict.” The Pentagon will maintain “an approach of restraint to any cyber operations outside of U.S. government networks.”

Although some U.S. adversaries, notably China and Russia, which also have formidable cyber capabilities, may view his remarks with skepticism, Hagel said the Pentagon is making an effort to be “open and transparent” about its cyber­forces and doctrine. The hope, senior officials said, is that transparency will lead to greater stability in cyberspace.

To underscore the point, Hagel’s speech was broadcast live from NSA headquarters at Fort Meade, the first such broadcast from the agency.

“The most important point is we want people to understand the reality of what our policies are,’’ said a senior defense official, who spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss the Pentagon’s thinking. “We only engage in cyber operations when it is something that is important, either providing options to the president, defending the [department] networks or, most importantly, ensuring the security of the United States and critical infra­structure.”

Tensions over U.S. cyber operations intensified again last weekend after a report that the NSA had penetrated the networks of a Chinese telecommunications giant, Huawei Technologies, in search of evidence that it was involved in espionage operations for Beijing and to use its equipment to spy on adversaries such as Iran. After the disclosure, first reported by the New York Times and http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/nsa-spied-on-chinese-government-and-networking-firm-huawei-a-960199.html” >Der Spiegel, China demanded a halt to any such activity and called for an explanation.

Such reports make it all the more important for the Pentagon to be candid, the senior official said.

“We want the Chinese to understand what it is we’re doing in building a cyber­force at Cyber Command, understand how we operate, understand the policies we use, like the policy of restraint,” the official said in a call with reporters before the speech.

Analysts said that China and Russia were unlikely to be convinced by Hagel’s remarks. Revelations about the NSA’s activities, based on documents provided by former contractor Edward Snowden, make U.S. assertions that it is focused on protecting U.S. national security — and not actively infiltrating others’ networks — that much harder to accept, they said.

Alexander, a 62-year-old Army general, is retiring after more than eight years at the NSA’s helm — the longest-serving agency director — and after 40 years of military service. His last year has been, arguably, the most turbulent of any director’s as the agency has been buffeted by the disclosures.

On Friday, Hagel praised Alexander’s service, saying that he led the agency “through countless intelligence break­throughs and successes” and that his vision is driving the build-up of Cyber Command to an “elite, modern cyber­force.”

“Cyber will be a part of all future conflicts,” Hagel said, repeating a point that Alexander has made over the years.

Cyber Command’s teams will support regional combatant commands, safeguard department networks and defend the nation in the event of a major cyberattack on the United States, officials say. Their capabilities will be integrated into the services.

Alexander, who is expected to be succeeded by www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/us-cyberwarfare-force-to-grow-significantly-defense-secretary-says/2014/03/28/0a1fa074-b680-11e3-b84e-897d3d12b816_story.html

Senate cybersecurity report finds agencies often fail to take basic preventive measures


Future Warfare

About Jerry Frey

Born 1953. Vietnam Veteran. Graduated Ohio State 1980. Have 5 published books. In the Woods Before Dawn; Grandpa's Gone; Longstreet's Assault; Pioneer of Salvation; Three Quarter Cadillac
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